An imposing female figure standing for unity
Cast in bronze, Germania stands high above the Rhine. Symbolising the foundation of the German empire following the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71, she holds high the imperial crown. The Niederwald Monument addresses the events of the war and recalls the historical importance of the Rhine as a border river.
The financing of the monument, on the other hand, was very modern; a large part covered by donations from the population. The towering Germania, over 12 metres high, wears armor but has peacefully lowered her sword. She embodies the unity of a nation that at the time, was made up of 25 individual states. Signifying its political importance, Emperor Wilhelm I was present both at the laying of the monument’s foundation stone as well as at its inauguration in 1883. He is depicted here on horseback, life size, on a plinth. War and peace, and farewell and homecoming are also depicted as figurative motifs. Thanks to its location, the 38-metre-high Niederwald Monument is one of the most popular monuments in Germany.
A Piece of Greece in the Rheingau
A complete artwork on the Rhine - Niederwald Monument, Rüdesheim (Part 1)Read story
Germania as a witness to history
A complete artwork on the Rhine - Niederwald Monument, Rüdesheim (Part 2)Read story
Pure Rhine Romanticism
A complete artwork on the Rhine - Niederwald Monument (Part 3)Read story